In Research


Year: 2016
Published in: ICSEM Project
Cited as: Vidović, D. & Baturina, D. (2016) “Social Enterprise in Croatia: Charting New Territories”, No. 32.


Social enterprises emerged in Croatia in the mid-2000s, but practices closely related to social entrepreneurship have existed in the country for a long time, although under other names—fully or partly correlated with the activities of civil initiatives, voluntary organisations, cooperatives or the social economy at large. The new terms “social entrepreneurship” and “social enterprise” brought hybridity in the field and marked a new conceptual era, but despite this recent advance, conceptual clarity and a broadly accepted understanding of the concept of social enterprise (SE) are still seriously lacking. This observation shaped the overall purpose of this chapter, namely to “chart new territories” by analysing the context of SE development in Croatia and by proposing a working typology of social enterprise.
The first part of the chapter 1 deals with various notions and historical, contextual and conceptual issues that may contribute to the overall understanding of the SE field in Croatia. In the second part, we propose a typology of social enterprise in Croatia that is based on the EMES approach. In the final part of the chapter, we try to map and describe the major institutional developments that have been observed in the SE field. We also provide an insight into how the existing institutional environment relates to the different SE models. The main goal is to apprehend the extent to which existing institutional frameworks relate to and interplay with identified types of social enterprise.