In Social Ecosystems, Social Procurement, European Social Enterprise Monitor, EU Policy, Funding


Intermediary Organisation: European Commission

Year: 2022


This report is a part of a comparative study based on the online survey coordinated by European Network for Social Enterprises (Euclid) in 21 European countries with the participation of approximately 2000 social enterprises. The report is designed as an interactive dashboard with filtering options (i.e. institutional age, legal forms, stage of development and sector) enabling policy-makers, investors, support organisations, academia and social entrepreneurs to provide key data and insights for their own use cases.


Türkiye’s social enterprises (SEs) that participated in the ESEM survey are a young group, with the majority of them having been established in the past 10 years. They are mostly micro-enterprises, employing less than 10 full-time equivalent employees. The SEs intend to grow mainly by developing new products or services and are active in a diverse range of sectors, with education being the largest. The SEs operate within different legal forms, with most of them being cooperatives. They have innovative approaches, particularly in their products or services, and make use of technology in their business or impact models.