Reorientation of the Ukrainian economy, coupled with the expansion of globalization and European integration processes, has caused gradual changes in the social and labor domains within the country for the last twenty years. Such transformation has often been accompanied by negative consequences, including an increase in unemployment rates and forced underemployment, a low level of labor remuneration, the rise of the load per worker, etc. Consequently, it hinders an effective development of the economy, leads to deterioration in quality of life and to social tensions, and requires the introduction of new efficient tools to overcome existing problems. One example of such tools that has proved its effectiveness in many developed countries is social entrepreneurship, which is an emerging field in Ukraine.
This paper consists of three parts. Part A is devoted to the antecedents of social entrepreneurship’s development in Ukraine. The main described areas are historical traditions of citizens’ coalitions, the organizational and normative base of social entrepreneurship, and its importance in modern Ukraine. Part B is the author’s attempt to define existing models of social enterprises in Ukraine on the basis of the analysis of various scholars’ approaches. The key characteristics of each model are also examined. The purpose of Part C is to describe in more details the institutional and legal background of each of the proposed models of social enterprise.