In Research


Year: 2023
Cited as: Philip Marcel Karré & Ingmar van Meerkerk (2023) The Challenge of Navigating the Double Hybridity in the Relationship between Community Enterprises and Municipalities, Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, DOI: 10.1080/19420676.2023.2263772


Collaboration between municipalities and community enterprises, a spatially confined subset of social enterprises, can be advantageous for both parties in theory, but there also is discussion on whether and how these benefits really come to pass in practice. Based on a small-scale exploratory study in the Dutch city of Rotterdam, we discuss double hybridity as a complicating factor in the relationship between community enterprises and municipalities, as it leads to challenges concerning (1) awareness and recognition, (2) funding and procurement, (3) fragmentation and (4) accountability and impac