Cited as: Karré, Philip Marcel, Navigating between Opportunities and Risks: The Effects of Hybridity for Social Enterprises Engaged in Social Innovation (September 19, 2018). Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organizational Diversity, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2018, pp. 37-60, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3251979
SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, SOCIAL INNOVATION, HYBRIDITY, HYBRID ORGANIZATION
This article focuses on the hybridity of social enterprises, organizations that strive to create social and economic value simultaneously. It analyses how social entrepreneurs and local government deal with the hybridity resulting from mixing these two opposing values and what it means for social enterprises’ contributions to processes of social innovation, e.g. new ways of dealing with societal problems using innovative constellation of organizations and other actors. The article discusses the results of a study of social enterprises in and around the cities of Rotterdam, The Hague and Dordrecht in the Netherlands and by doing so looks at an urban subset of social enterprises engaged in social innovation. In the underlying study, document analysis, interviews and a survey were used to identify what drives social entrepreneurs to engage in processes of social innovation, how they generate results and how they deal with the tensions due to hybridity. The article discusses the positive and negative effects of hybridity affecting social enterprises and describes avenues for further research on the subject.