In Research


Year: 2015
Published in: ICSEM Project
Cited as:
Huybrechts, B. (2015). Social enterprise in Belgium: A diversity of roots, models and fields. EMES-Icsem Working Paper Series.


This working paper is structured as follows. The first introductory section reviews the main historical roots that have led to the emergence of a diversity of models related to social enterprise and the social economy in Belgium. Next, the second section sketches the main features of these models in terms of legal forms, types of social missions addressed, governance dynamics and resources. In the third section, these models are then illustrated in different fields of activity both established and emerging. Finally, the fourth section proposes a transversal analysis of the main trends and challenges facing the development and coexistence of the different models.