In Research


Year: 2019
Published in: Asia Pacific journal of innovation and entrepreneurship ; 13(2019), 1, p 49-72
Cited as: Satar, M.S. and Natasha, S. (2019), “Individual social entrepreneurship orientation: towards development of a measurement scale”, Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 49-72.


While the literature has described social entrepreneurs as overwhelmingly occupying a pivotal role in social entrepreneurship (S-ENT) process, there is a high inconsistency prevailing with respect to entrepreneurial traits, attitudes and skills of social entrepreneurs. One explanation for this may be the lack of a suitable scale measuring entrepreneurship orientation of social entrepreneurial individuals. The purpose of this study is to address this gap by proposing an initial assessment tool for individual S-ENT orientation (ISEO).

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“1) As the study covered practicing SnP’s from India, there is a need to further validate this instrument among other stakeholder as well as within different cultural contexts and in samples with different demographic characteristics.
2) Moreover attempts should be
undertaken to further validate the instrument using student samples.
3) Further, to confirm the newly established subscales and their relationship with the ISEO construct, there is need of conducting a confirmatory factor analysis. A longitudinal study
on ISEO could be conducted to measure the correlations with intentions to become a social entrepreneur and whether they become SnP’s or not.”