In Research


Year: 2018
Published in: Social Enterprise Journal
Cited as: Ilac, E.J.D. (2018), “Exploring social enterprise leadership development through phenomenological analysis”, Social Enterprise Journal, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 268-288.


The purpose of this paper is to construct a theorized leadership development model for social enterprises based on the experiences of its current leaders, highlighting what are inherently imperative processes and competencies future leaders should hold. Design/methodology/approach – Using the epistemological lens of phenomenological analysis, it focuses on the developmental process elements for the social enterprise leader, between the individual and the environment, and the individual and the community. To formulate the model, multiple data collection methods were utilized. Findings – Analyzing multiple experiences of different social enterprise leaders formed a suggested processual leadership development model, which discovers fundamental elements and skills necessary in their development. Research limitations/implications – Findings provide a foundational basis in the continued development of social entrepreneurs as rooted in the unique experiences of current social enterprise leaders. A limitation worth noting is the contextual distinctiveness of experiences that may shape the leadership experience. Practical implications – Findings provide a baseline theorized framework on the critical facets of leadership development for social enterprise. Pragmatically, this functions as a competency framework that can be transformed into concrete learning activities and training sessions. Originality/value – This paper provides perspective into social enterprise leadership emergence. It underscores the processes involved in comprehending how these leaders evolve through interpreting context, understanding their value and creating awareness with and through others.


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In terms of implications for practice, the research highlights competencies essential to developing social enterprise leaders, for example, creating programs aligned with these can help ensure leaders are prepared to bring to fruition their social ventures.