In Research


Year: 2017
Cited as: “Halabi, S., Kheir, S., Cochrane, P. (2017).
Social Enterprise Development in the Middle East and North Africa: A Qualitative Analysis of Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt and Occupied Palestine. Cairo, Egypt and Beirut, Lebanon. Wamda.”


A Qualitative Analysis of social enterprise development in the Middle East and North Africa.


The field of social enterprises in the MENA region is burgeoning. Socially conscience, active and spirited entrepreneurs are finding new and innovative ways to break into the social sphere and change the rules of the game across different sectors. Unsurprisingly, this development is also accompanied by the trials and prospects particular to operating within and across geographies. Many of the challenges social entrepreneurs face are similar to those encountered by strictly commercial entrepreneurs: market structures are anything but transparent and the ease of doing business is hampered by bureaucratic intransigence surrounding registration, licensing, starting a business and enforcing contracts. However, social entrepreneurs face a whole set of additional challenges, conditions and opportunities, which are unique to enterprises looking to make a positive so- cial change in the region.

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